We have audited the consolidated financial statements of El Puerto de Liverpool, S. A. B. de C. V. and its subsidiaries (the Company), which comprise the consolidated statement of financial position as of December 31, 2021, and the consolidated statements of comprehensive income, of changes in equity and of cash flows for the year then ended and the notes to the consolidated financial statements, which include significant accounting policies and other explanatory information.
In our opinion, the accompanying consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2021, and its financial performance and its consolidated cash flows for the year then ended in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IFRS).
We conducted our audit in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (ISA). Our responsibilities under those standards are further described in the Auditor’s “Responsibilities for the Audit of the Consolidated Financial Statements” section of our report. We are independent of the Company in accordance with the Professional Code of Ethics of Mexican Institute of Public Accountants together with other requirements applicable to our audit of the consolidated financial statements in Mexico. We have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with those requirements and code. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.
Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgment, were of most significance in our audit of the consolidated financial statements of the current period. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the consolidated financial statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters.
As mentioned in Notes 1 and 14 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company performs annual tests on the recoverable value of its intangible assets with indefinite life (goodwill, brands and others).
These tests consist of comparing that the estimate of the projected cash flows for the Cash Generating Unit (CGU) to which the intangible assets are allocated is higher than the book value of said assets.
We focused on intangible assets with indefinite lives due to the importance of their balance ($13,258 million as of December 31, 2021) compared to the consolidated financial statements, since the estimation of projected cash flows involves the application of significant judgments by Management to determine the assumptions and premises used.
In particular, we concentrated our audit efforts on: 1) the process followed by Management to identify CGU; 2) the significant assumptions used to estimate the projected cash flows, such as: the estimated rate of growth of sales, the projected EBITDA (Earnings Before Income Tax, Depreciation and Amortization), the discount rate and the terminal value, and the potential effects on the Company's activities due to COVID-19, which required the application of a greater judgment, when evaluating the impact on the projected results for each of the scenarios used.
We evaluated the analysis carried out by Management in which Suburbia was identified as the only CGU and to which goodwill, brands and other intangible assets of indefinite life were assigned.
We evaluated the cash flow projections prepared by Management in several scenarios used (base, optimistic and pessimistic), as well as the weighting that was given to each of them, and the processes used to prepare them, comparing said projections with the historical results, budgets approved by the Company's Board of Directors and market data.
We compared the actual results of the current year with the respective budget, to identify if any assumptions included in the cash flow projections could be considered overly optimistic, and external indicators regarding the future economic recovery derived from COVID-19.
We compared the key assumptions used to estimate the projected cash flows such as: the estimated sales growth rate, the projected EBITDA, the discount rate and the terminal value, in the various scenarios used when considering the potential effects on the Company's activities because of COVID-19.
With the support of our valuation experts, we compared:
We discussed the sensitivity analysis with management and assessed the degree to which the assumptions need to be modified for impairment to occur.
Additionally, we evaluated the consistency of the disclosures included in the notes of the financial statements with the information provided by Management.
Management is responsible for the other information. The other information comprises the annual report presented to the National Banking and Securities Commission (CNBV by its Spanish acronym) and the annual information presented to shareholders, but does not include the consolidated financial statements and our auditor’s report thereon, which are expected to be made available to us after the date of this report.
Our opinion on the consolidated financial statements does not cover the other information and we will not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.
In connection with our audit of the consolidated financial statements, our responsibility is to read the other information identified above when it becomes available and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the consolidated financial statements or our knowledge obtained in the audit, or otherwise appears to be materially misstated.
When we read the other information not yet received, we will issue the report required by the CNBV and if we conclude that there is a material misstatement therein, we are required to communicate the matter to those charged with governance and, if required, describe the issue in our report.
Management is responsible for the preparation and fair presentation of the consolidated financial statements in accordance with IFRS and for such internal control as Management determines is necessary to enable the preparation of consolidated financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.
In preparing the consolidated financial statements, Management is responsible for assessing the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless management either intends to liquidate the Company or to cease operations, or has no realistic alternative to do so.
Those charged with Governance are responsible for overseeing the Company’s financial reporting process.
Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor’s report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with ISA will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these consolidated financial statements.
As part of an audit in accordance with ISA, we exercise professional judgment and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We also:
We communicated with those charged with Governance regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.
We also provide those charged with Governance with a statement that we have complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence, and to communicated whit them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, actions taken to eliminate threats or safeguards applied.
From the matters communicated with those charged with Governance, we determine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the consolidated financial statements of the current period and are therefore the key audit matters. We describe these matters in our auditor’s report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosure about the matter or when, in extremely rare circumstances, we determine that a matter should not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing so would reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of such communication.
The engagement partner on the audit resulting in this independent auditor’s report is stated below.
PricewaterhouseCoopers, S. C.
José Luis Guzmán
Mexico City, March 7, 2022
PricewaterhouseCoopers, S.C. Mariano Escobedo 573, Colonia Rincón del Bosque, C.P. 11580 Ciudad de México
T: (55) 5362 6000, www.pwc.com/mx